There are numerous essays on poverty concentrated on covering the material about economic development in different countries. Here you can find the same information but simpler for your understanding.
Before starting the topic let’s begin our essay on poverty by defining the word “poverty”. If you look through different essays about poverty you can find almost identical definitions. It is the state of being economically poor followed the lack of shelter, health care and common literacy. According to Wikipedia poverty is the general scarcity, dearth, or the state of one who lacks a certain amount of material possessions or money.
Speaking about poorness we must distinguish between the concepts of relative and absolute poverty. Relative poverty is the life conditions of population occupying a lower level of income and wealth than average. Absolute poverty is the life conditions that are typical of people who do not have the goods and possessions such as food, clothing, housing which are necessary for human existence.
So, what are the causes of poverty? One of them is illiteracy. Low educational level can be observed in such countries as Mali, Niger, Ethiopia. The main problem of it is the absence of elementary and even secondary schools there. Certain amount of poor people appears as a result of lack of education.
The next and one of the main causes of poverty can be weak economy that occurs because of crisis and insufficient amount of resources. Countries of Latin America, Asia and Africa have such problems.
The lack of technological progress is also the reason for poverty. Mexico, countries of Africa and Latin America face the problem of deficient innovations in technology.
Another significant cause of poverty is the growth of the population in the world. Taking India as the example, we can see that its population is critically growing. This country cannot produce enough food to feed even half of its citizens.
We can also mention here civil wars also causing poverty. Victims of these wars are citizens who suffer from plunder and violence. The most unprotected civilians are children, women and old people. The result of civil wars is appearing of poor people and hunger.
Poverty is characteristic for nearly whole world. And we can name it as the main problem of the Third world countries which include Africa, Asia, Latin America. They are united by the same problems and considered to be economically the weakest. There are several facts that can help us to define the level of development of the Third world countries. High growth of population aids to a low level of income. Although increasing number of citizens is not a negative factor of economic development but new jobs are not offered and this leads to unemployment. Third world countries depend on agricultural industry and have low level of technological progress. That is why people use natural resources irrationally so it can run out completely. Most of developing countries are characterized by the low life level comparing as to developed countries so to a rich population of their own one. There is such term as international level of poverty which refers to any person living on less than two dollar per day. Level of extreme poverty concerns anyone surviving with less than one dollar per day. Overwhelming majority of the population of the Third world countries lives by these standards. Citizens look for higher quality of life and better opportunities. That is why emigration to developed countries is widespread there. Immigrants of the poorest countries of Africa, Asia, Latin America arrived to wealthier countries are satisfied with minimum income which is higher dozens and even hundreds of times than the minimum of his native country.
Poverty in developed countries should be mentioned here too. Let’s take America as the example. Although it is a developed country with high technological innovations, over 47 million Americans have status of the poor. The number of homeless children increase every year. More than half of students are unable to buy lunch at the canteen. One-third of families live with incomes below 60 percent of the average income in the country. Despite these facts about Americans who suffer poverty have governmental support. Citizens with the lowest level of income receive different types of social care. They get free food and clothes. More than 90 percent of officially poor people have their own housing. Almost all of them have a car; surely not the new one but good enough to use it. American government gives a chance to escape the poverty. It helps every person who needs education and employment.
Although such differences between poverty in developing and developed countries exists it has to be eluded. The question of solving the problem of poverty bothers every single country in the world. There is no opportunity to get rid of poorness at once. But we can mention some ways and solutions to minimize the number of poor people. The first step of making the progress in countries’ economy is to improve international relationships with developed countries. Next way deals with the education system. Countries, which confront the problem of insufficient number of schools, should produce conditions that can help children to get education. Evolving innovational technologies can help to avoid poverty and hunger. At the same time governmental support and assistance is really important in poverty reduction. That is why poor people should be provided by socio-economical arrangements, directed towards increase of their involvement in labor activity of the country. But still the main problem that must be solved is increasing number of population that compelled to live on less than one dollar per day.
Concluding it all poverty, hunger and illiteracy are the main international problems that must be solved. I should also mention that improving economical development, innovational technologies and population income are the most meaningful goals of nowadays. Although poverty as a global problem cannot be completely eliminated it is possible to decrease its level. Developing countries just need social programs and the international support and help of great developed brothers.
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MADISON, Wisconsin — To many, the idea of finding solutions to poverty is a big and seemingly impossible undertaking, considering that 1.4 billion people in developing countries live on less than $1.25 a day. Another 842 million people, or one in eight people, do not have enough to eat, today. Almost two billion people lack access to clean water and 22,000 children die each day due to conditions of poverty.
These kinds of statistics are discouraging. What hope is there for poverty reduction? Are there solutions to poverty, and if so, what are they?
The good news is that there aresolutions to poverty, they can happen, and poverty can be radically reduced, if not completely eradicated. Here are 10 extremely effective solutions to poverty to illustrate that ending poverty is not impossible.
1. Creating Good Jobs
Creating jobs, both in the United States and abroad, is a great way to reduce poverty. When people have jobs, they have income, and when people have income, they can more easily get themselves out of poverty. The U.N. says that “unemployment and underemployment lies at the core of poverty. For the poor, labor is often the only asset they can use to improve their well-being.”
Source: U.N. Poverty
2. Educating Women
The education of girls and women impacts the rest of the societies in which these girls and women live. A woman’s degree of education is linked to the age at which she marries and has children, to her health and diseases, to her economic opportunities, to her social standing, and to her general future wellbeing. Educating girls and women can reduce poverty in developing nations, as well as in the United States.
Photo: Foundation Center
3. Raising Wages
The United States hasn’t raised the federal minimum wage since 2007. Because of this, right now, “A full-time worker with two children earning the minimum wage will still raise his or her family in poverty.” And this is an issue in almost every other country, especially in developing nations. Raising the minimum wages could potentially increase the health and wellbeing of millions.
Source: American Progress
Photo: Online Actions
Microfinance is defined as the “supply of loans, savings, and other basic financial services to the poor.” Right now, only about 10 percent of the global population has access to traditional banking, according to the Gates Foundation. However, using microfinance, people who are unemployed or who have a low income could get small loans to help them become self-sufficient. An organization called Kiva has provided more than $329 million to 786,000 borrowers, with a repayment rate of 98.97%. Microfinance is a promising way to alleviate poverty.
Photo: The Digerati Life
5. Gender Equality
As the U.N. Development Programme says, “when women have equal access to education, and go on to participate fully in business and economic decision-making, they are a key driving force against poverty.” Not only this, but better gender equality raises household incomes and “translates into better prospects and greater well-being of children,” which is a smart way reduce the poverty for future generations as well as our own.
Source: U.N. Development Programme
Photo: Fii Voluntar
6. Transparency in Government Spending
Creating transparency in government spending of money can help reduce corruption in governments. When governments are accountable to their citizens for their action, or inaction, in different areas of the federal budget, the citizens will be able to accurately assess how well their leaders are leading their country. Also, it allows citizens to see if money is being taken away from poverty-reduction plans and into the pockets of their leaders, which could be a cause of a stagnant economy or job market.
Source: Arbitrage Magazine
Photo: AZ Capitol Times
7. Canceling National Debts
As mentioned by Share the World’s Resources, “It is internationally recognized that the debt burden of the world’s poorest, most indebted countries has to be tackled if they are to set themselves on a path of sustainable growth, development, and poverty reduction.” This is why the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank have created the Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPCs). The initiative helps with the debt relief to currently 23 poor countries (mostly in Africa) that are committed to eradicating poverty. There have been successes in a few countries thus far, and this initiative can help governments “get back on their feet” so that they can focus on developing for the future instead of trying to pay back what was spent in the past.
Source: Share the World’s Resources, International Monetary Fund
Photo: Intellectual Takeout
8. Access to Healthcare
The President of the World Bank, Jim Yong Kim, says that he believes “universal health insurance coverage in all countries can help achieve a goal of ending extreme poverty by 2030.” He says that because about 100 million people are pushed into extreme poverty every year by having to spend money on health issues, and that because health issues push about another 150 million into severe financial hardship, universal health insurance could greatly relieve poverty, globally.
9. Access to Clean Water and Sanitation
The World Bank says that access to clean water and sanitation is “one of the most cost-effective development interventions, and is critical for reducing poverty.” The reasons for this are that women can use the time that they would have spent fetching water to work and produce more, agricultural production could increase, and the costs of services and goods could go down. Not only that, but because diseases caused by unsafe drinking water and poor sanitation cause “the most significant child health problems worldwide,” having access to clean water could significantly lower the healthcare burden for many of these many children.
Source: World Bank
Photo: Green Earth Systems
10. Nutrition, Especially in Infants
Adequate nutrition is an incredibly important indicator of a person’s ability to get out of poverty, later in life. Those who are malnourished from the time of conception to 24 months, postpartum “have a higher risk of lifelong physical and mental disability.” Because of this, they are “often trapped in poverty,” and are not able to make the full contribution to the “social and economic development of their households and communities, as adults.”
Sources: The Hunger Project, World Bank
These 10 solutions to poverty illustrate that while there is a difficult road ahead, there is a viable path forward in pursuit of alleviating global poverty and creating a world in which all people can prosper.
– Taylor Prinsen
Feature Image: Celebration of Life