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Sackville Street Public School Rubrics For Essays

Works Cited

Ambrose, S.A., M.W. Bridges, M. DiPietro, M.C. Lovett, and M.K. Norman. How Learning Works: Seven Research-Based Principles for Smart Teaching. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, 2010. Print.

Armstrong, J. S. “Natural Learning in Higher Education.” Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning. Heidelberg: Springer, 2011. Web. 14 Jan 2013.

Ball, E.L., and A. Lai. “Place-Based Pedagogy for the Arts and Humanities. ” Pedagogy 6.2 (2006): 261–87. Print.

Berry, W. The Art of the Commonplace: Agrarian Essays of Wendell Berry. Washington, DC: Counterpoint, 2002. Print.

Bransford, J., A.L. Brown, and R.R. Cocking, eds. How People Learn: Brain, Mind, Experience, and School. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2000. Print.

de Carteret, P. “People, Place and Purpose: Informal Learning in Community.” AARE 2007 International Education Research Conference. Freemantle, Western Australia. n.d. Conference Presentation.

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Dunlap, R.E., and K.D. Van Liere. “The ‘New Environmental Paradgim’: A Proposed Measuring Instrument and Preliminary Results.” Journal of Environmental Education 9.1 (1978): 10–19. Print.

Dunlap, R.E., K.D. Van Liere, A.G. Mertig, and R.E. Jones. “New Trends in Measuring Environmental Attitudes: Measuring Endorsement of the New Ecological Paradigm: A Revised NEP Scale.” Journal of Social Issues 56.3 (2000): 425–42. Web. Feb 21 2013.

Flanagan, J.C. “The Critical Incident Technique.” Psychological Bulletin 51.4 (1954): 327–58. Print.

Greenwood, D.A. “A Critical Theory of Place-Conscious Education.” International Handbook of Research on Environmental Education. Ed. R.B. Stevenson, M. Brody, J. Dillon, and A.E.J. Wals. New York: Routledge, 2013. 93–100. Print.

Gruenewald, D.A. “Foundations of Place: A Multidisciplinary Framework for Place-Conscious Education.” American Educational Research Journal 40.3 (2003): 619–54. Web. 8 Mar 2013.

Gruenewald, D.A. “The Best of Both Worlds: A Critical Pedagogy of Place.” Educational Researcher 32.4 (2003): 3–12. Web. 8 Mar 2013.

Gruenewald, D.A. “A Foucauldian Analysis of Environmental Education: Toward the Socioecological Challenge of the Earth Charter.” Curriculum Inquiry 34.1 (2004): 71–107. Web. 8 Mar 2013.

Gruenewald, D.A. “Accountability and Collaboration: Institutional Barriers and Strategic Pathways for Place-based Education.” Ethics, Place & Environment 8.3 (2005): 261–83. Web. 21 Feb 2013.

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This information is aimed at academics and those involved in setting up online assignments in Blackboard and Turnitin. It provides an overview of how to choose the right rubric for your needs.

What are rubrics?

A rubric is a marking scheme that you can use online. A rubric displays evaluation criteria and shows your expectations for the quality of an assignment.

Why should I consider using rubrics?

Benefits for academics

Rubrics can reduce the time and administrative burden of marking assignments. Some academics have reported greater consistency across multiple markers when rubrics are used. You can also run evaluation reports to see, for example, the average total score, average scores for each criterion, and distribution of scores across each level of achievement.

Benefits for students

Students can use the rubric as a guide in preparing their assignment. The completed rubric shows students how they achieved their grade and helps them to readily identify where they need to improve in future.

Rubrics can be set up in either Blackboard or Turnitin – each works slightly differently and offers different functionality.

Rubrics in Turnitin

Turnitin assignments can have:

  1. no rubric
  2. a Turnitin rubric
  3. a Blackboard rubric (added on the appropriate column in the grade centre)

By using a Turnitin rubric with a Turnitin assignment, you can mark scores on the rubric while adding QuickMark feedback to assignments.

Rubrics in Blackboard

Blackboard rubrics can either be associated to content (see list below),  or to columns in the Grade Centre (select Edit Column Information from the column’s contextual menu).

Associated rubrics are visible under the grading and rubrics settings for:

  1. assignments
  2. essays, short answers, and file response test questions
  3. blogs and journals
  4. wikis
  5. Discussion Board threads and forums

Should I use Blackboard or Turnitin rubrics?

Generally speaking, your choice will depend on what is most appropriate for your assessment and marking requirements:

FeatureTurnitin rubricBlackboard rubric
Group assignmentsNoYes
Markers can add tailored feedback to each possible score/criterion during markingNoYes
Compatible with marking by more than one academicYes(use Turnitin assignments by groups)Yes(Yes, use Smart Views in the Grade Centre to help with this)
Option to export marked assignment with completed rubricYes(use download GradeMark Paper)No*


Use either Blackboard or Turnitin rubrics for:

  • Individual assignments
  • Setting an indefinite number of criteria and score ranges
  • Setting marks by points or percentage or no marks (feedback only)
  • Specifying feedback for each possible score/criterion in advance
  • Automatically adding up marks
  • Manually overriding marks if required
  • Re-use with future assessments
  • Exporting and importing rubrics (to allow sharing with others)


  1. Blackboard rubrics cannot be printed by academics once completed – for example – for moderation purposes.   (A change request has been submitted to Blackboard for this but this will not be available until at least 2013.)
  2. If adding comments to a Blackboard rubric, remember to save your work often – it does not auto-save so will otherwise be lost in the event of a time-out or computer crash.

Further information

Use the correct settings in both Turnitin and Blackboard so that your students do not have access to the marks during the marking and moderation period. For advice, contact your eLearning Team.

Make sure you follow the general guidelines about online assignments, particularly about anonymous marking.

For specific instructions on setting up rubrics, please see the help information from Blackboard and the Turnitin instructor manual (pdf, 14.5MB), or the Knowledge base article on Blackboard 9 Assignment Rubrics.

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